Prognostic value of perirenal and/or sinus fat infiltration in patients with pT3a renal cell carcinoma: A multicentre cohort study. LARCG Group

García Marchiñena P, Tobia I, Abreu D, et al.
Actas Urológicas Españolas, Volume 43, Issue 9, November 2019, Pages 495-502
DOI: 10.1016/j.acuro.2019.01.005

Abstract

Introduction and objectives

The objective of this study is to evaluate overall survival (OS), cancer-specific survival (CSS), relapse-free survival, local and distant (LRFS and DRFS, respectively) rates in patients with pT3a renal cell carcinoma (RCC) considering the perirenal and/or sinus fat infiltration (FI) as prognostic factors.

Materials and methods

Retrospective cohort of patients with pT3a RCC who underwent radical or partial nephrectomy. The data were extracted from the LARCG (Latin American Renal Cancer Group) database. The demographic, clinical, pathological and surgical variables were evaluated. FI was divided into 4 groups (vein, perirenal, sinus and both fats infiltration). The Kaplan Meier and Cox regression curves were performed.

Results

293 patients were included in the study. The mean age was 61.4 years. The median follow-up was 21 months (r: 1-194). CSS, RFS, LRFS and DRFS estimated at 3 years in the group of both fats’ infiltration were 53.1, 45.1, 58.7 and 51.6 months, respectively, and always statistically lower than the rest (P˂0.005). In the multivariate analysis, the infiltration of both fats significantly increased specific mortality, overall and local relapse with respect to vein infiltration (HR: 4.5, 2.42 and 8.08, respectively). The Fuhrman grade and renal pelvis infiltration were independent predictors of CSS and RFS.

Conclusions

Infiltration of both fats increases the risk of overall and local relapse in pT3a RCC. In the same way, it is associated with a lower cancer-specific survival and should be considered as a factor of poor prognosis.

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